Uterine cancer treatment is the process by which a person’s cancer is diagnosed and treated. There are often stages, or phases, of treatment. The type of uterine cancer treatment is determined by the size and location of the tumour. Sometimes, treatment may involve surgery, radiation therapy or chemotherapy. The best uterine cancer treatment is to cure cancer. But sometimes, clinicians try to control cancer without fixing it.
- Reduce the risk of recurrence
The study revealed that hysterectomy with bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy achieved significantly better survival rates than radiation therapy. The reason is probably due to the different ways they affect female hormones.
- Prevent metastasis from spreading
There is some evidence that cure is possible if treatment is started early in the disease progression, through surgery or chemotherapy (cisplatin-based regimens); however, the actual cure rate is difficult to determine as many patients relapse following initial metastases. In early-stage uterine cancer, most women survive for ten years after diagnosis, but 50% still have advanced cancer at diagnosis, and 30% die within five years of diagnosis.
- Improve fertility in patients who desire it.
Because uterine cancer may involve the function of both ovaries and the uterus, fertility preservation is an important part of treatment, particularly if women wish to have children in the future. The details of how this might be done depend on the type and extent of cancer and the age of the individual involved. If fertility is to be preserved by preserving one or both ovaries, a prophylactic oophoropexy to prevent adnexal torsion should also be done at the time of surgery.
- Improve the quality of life.
The decision to treat or not is a decision that must be made by the patient after she has been informed of the options available to her and the possible benefits and risks of treatment.
There is various uterine cancer treatment depending on the stage of cancer. Uterine cancer may be treated with surgery, radiation therapy or chemotherapy.